Chinese architecture studio MAD has rebuilt a historic train station in central Jiaxing, China, and expanded it with an underground terminal and public park.
Named Train Station in the Forest, the revamp of the 354,000-square-metre building is MAD’s first station and the studio hopes it will “redefine transportation infrastructure buildings in China”.
MAD created an underground terminal with a public park at ground level along with a full-scale replica of the original 1907 station that now forms the north entrance.
The 210,000 red and green bricks used for the reconstruction are made of mud sourced locally, mainly from the nearby South Lake.
The size of the station, which is expected to be used by 5.28 million people a year by 2025, was increased from five tracks to six tracks.
To increase capacity, two sunken waiting halls have been built on either side of the overground platforms.
These underground waiting halls have metal roofs equipped with solar panels that power the station, contrasting the brick exterior of the reconstructed building’s facade.
The glass facade and skylights allow natural light into the building while providing a clear view of the reconstructed station front from inside the building.
Exhaust vents, a broadcasting system and underpass light strips are embedded into the walls to create a minimalist interior. Anodised aluminium panels with a honeycomb shape are used to help absorb noise.
According to MAD’s founding partner Ma Yansong, train stations in China have grown too large and Train Station in the Forest was designed to be less imposing than other recently built stations.
“They stand like imposing palaces in Chinese city centres surrounded by wide main roads, viaducts, and vast empty squares,” said Ma.
“We should rethink and redefine the spatial patterns of such transportation infrastructure buildings in China,” he continued.
“We can break away from the common pursuit of grandiose monumental buildings and make them urban public spaces with transport functions, natural ecology and cultural life, where citizens are happy to go, stay, meet, and enjoy.”
A total of 1,500 trees are planted across the site. On the north side of the station, they have been placed to connect the building to an existing public park.
Meanwhile, beech trees lining the central axis of the north square are intended to create a canopy when fully grown. This informed the project’s name, Train Station in the Forest.
At the centre of a square to the south is a landscaped lawn measuring approximately one hectare, with seven buildings arranged around it.
These circular buildings are designed to connect the above and below-ground circulation routes, with sunken courtyards linking them all to the lawn where outdoor events and festivals can be hosted.
“Our design prioritises the emotional and spiritual needs of citizens, brings in natural landscapes and integrates urban spaces and building volumes into nature,” MAD said.
“Through careful traffic planning and employing a vertical use of space, our scheme meets the station’s existing passenger demand while leaving room for future sustainable development and expansion,” it added.
Elsewhere in China, MAD has recently revealed proposals for a few cultural projects including the sinuous Nanhai Art Centre in Guangdong and Anji Culture and Arts Centre with a roof shaped like bamboo leaves.
The photography is by CreatAR Images, unless stated otherwise.
Principal partners in charge: Ma Yansong, Dang Qun, Yosuke Hayano
Associate partners in charge: Liu Huiying, Tiffany Dalhen
Design team: Yao Ran, Yu Lin, Cao Chen, Chen Nianhai, Cheng Xiangju, Reinier Simons, Fu Xiaoyi, Chen Wei, He Shunpeng, Li Zhengdong, Cao Xi, Zhang Kai, Li Xinyun, Kaushik Raghuraman, Deng Wei, Huang Zhiyu, Huai Wei, Sun Mingze, Dayie Wu, Hou Jinghui, Yin Jianfeng, Claudia Hertrich, Liu Zifan, Xie Qilin, Alan Rodríguez Carrillo, Qiang Siyang
Executive architects: Tongji Architectural Design (Group) Co., Railway Siyuan Survey and Design Group Co.
Heritage consultant: Shanghai Shuishi Architectural Design & Planning Corp.
Landscape consultant: Z’scape Landscape Planning and Design
Lighting consultant: Beijing Sign Lighting Industry Group
Signage consultant: NDC CHINA
Interior design consultant: Shanghai Xian Dai Architectural Decoration & Landscape Design Research Institute Co.
Structural consultant: LERA Consulting Structural Engineers
Facade consultant: RFR Shanghai
Construction contractor: China Railway Construction Engineering Group, China Tiesiju Civil Engineering Group, China Construction Eighth Engineering Division Co.